Correctional Training Center has graduated thousands of officers
By Don Chaddock, Inside CDCR editor
Historic photos compiled by Eric Owens, CDCR Staff Photographer
(Editor’s note: This is part of an ongoing series exploring the history of CDCR.)
Surrounded by pastures, nestled just outside the small northern California town of Galt, sits the Richard A. McGee Correctional Training Center.
Today, the facility houses the Basic Correctional Officer Academy and other staff training. Since 1983, thousands of correctional officer cadets have made their way through the academy. But originally, the school trained priests.
The early years
According to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Sacramento, “St. Pius X Minor Seminary relocated (from Humboldt County) to Galt in 1961, housing 200 students a year … until its closure in 1977.”
St. Joseph Parish in Elk Grove credits Father Patrick Gilligan with securing the land to construct the seminary.
“(He) was also responsible for a sizeable donation of land given as a gift to the Diocese for the purpose of building and establishing a Seminary and home for the Salvatorian Order on Twin Cities Road west of Highway 99,” the parish states in their Voices from the Past series.
According to the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation records, the seminary was constructed in 1959.
The Galt facility even had some special touches, including a 28-foot by 36-foot stained glass window, which later found its way to a church in Orangevale.
“In 1961, the Diocese of Sacramento commissioned Max Ingrand of Paris, France, to design a major stained glass window to enhance the chapel of St. Pius X Seminary (in) Galt,” according to the Divine Savior Catholic Church’s literature. “In 1977, St. Pius closed as a school. Later the Diocese of Sacramento decided to sell the property to the State of California. … Several parishes became interested in the window for their new buildings but the size of the window made it difficult. … Simultaneously, Divine Savior Church was being organized in Orangevale. … The shape and the size of the stained glass window drove the shape and the size of the building. The solution was to make the stained glass window an inner wall with a larger cupola above it.”
The opening of the Galt school made the front page of the Catholic Herald newspaper on April 20, 1961. The paper was published by the Catholic Diocese of Sacramento.
“Thousands to attend new Pius X Seminary dedication,” the paper proclaimed. “All are invited to witness the actual blessing ritual, performed by Pope John’s official representative in the United States, Archbishop Egidio Vagnozzi.”
The newspaper published an aerial photograph of the school as construction was nearing completion.
Officer training mandated
Much like when the department was officially created in the 1940s, there were calls for prison reform in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The State Board of Corrections issued a report to Gov. Ronald Reagan on Nov. 3, 1971, which made numerous recommendations.
The report advised “adding 405 new staff positions to the state’s 13 major correctional institutions, schedule board visits to all institutions (and) study training requirements of all correctional personnel.”
The following year, a report urged the state to focus more on training correctional officers. According to the Feb. 17, 1972, issue of the Desert Sun newspaper, a legislative staff report “called for the creation of an academy to train state correctional personnel.”
In November 1972, Sen. Craig Biddle, of Riverside, pushed through a bill setting aside $450,000 to establish a training academy within the department.
Heeding the 1972 report, an officer training academy was offered starting the same year at the Modesto Junior College. Training was moved to Galt 11 years later.
“Beginning today, the (department) will occupy the St. Pius Education Center near Galt. … The center, owned by the Catholic Church, will be used by the state for the training of its correctional officers,” states the March 3, 1983, issue of the Lodi News-Sentinel. “The first 75 cadets will arrive … today from Vallejo, and they will be joined by an additional 138 Sunday, according to Conrad Holmes, chief, departmental training of the state corrections department in Sacramento. … Eventually the facility (will) house more than 300 cadets year-round, with an additional 30 staff members to train and feed them.”
Holmes told the newspaper it made sense to assume use of the school.
“It was much more economical for us to move into the school,” he said. “The building was built for a school. The church has done a magnificent job of keeping it maintained.”
Constructing a brand-new facility would have cost an estimated $7 million at the time, according to Holmes.
According to the summer 2002 issue of CDC Today, “The department dedicated the Richard A. McGee Correctional Training Center in 1983, seven months before McGee died at age 86.”
Originally, the state leased the building with the option to purchase the site, according to the newspaper. According to CDCR records, the lease purchase buy-out date was Jan. 1, 2001.
By 2016, the department plans to hire 7,000 correctional officers to help replenish the ranks after many retire. The current hiring effort harkens back to the 1980s and 1990s, when thousands of new officers were hired to activate newly opened facilities.
In 1983, the department was looking to hire “about 3,000 officers within the next year,” according to the March 3, 1983, edition of the Lodi News-Sentinel.
A few years later, the department was hiring many more.
“The (department) will be hiring 5,000 correctional officers during the next year,” the Lodi News-Sentinel reported on March 31, 1987. “During the next four years, 10 new correctional facilities will be built in the state … and the department … is now making a massive hiring effort. … Starting salary is $2,246 per month.”
Stephen F. Ballachey, recruitment analyst for the department, stressed correctional officers aren’t “guards who protect warehouses, banks and stores.” He told the paper they are law enforcement professionals who “manage, control, train and supervise adult offenders, both male and female, in a manner that ensures the safety of the public, other employees and the offenders themselves.”
Later, the department estimated “it will need 1,300 new (officers) this year, while the youth authority will need about 480 youth officers each of the next three years,” the Lodi News-Sentinel reported on Oct. 13, 2000. The starting salary was approximately $2,800 per month at the time.
In 2015, correctional officers earn $3,050 per month during the academy and $3,774 after academy. The top pay scale is $6,389 per month, according to the CDCR website.
Famous former student
LeVar Burton starred in the original TV mini-series “Roots” as well as “Star Trek: The Next Generation.” He was also known for his educational children’s show, “Reading Rainbow.” At 13, he enrolled in St. Pius but acting became his passion.
In an interview with SacTown Magazine, Burton said, “Once I decided not to become a priest, it was a matter of finding something (else) that I could do with my life. We had a great theater tradition at St. Pius, and I became really passionate about acting. I got bitten by the bug. We did ‘Murder in the Cathedral,’ ‘Mister Roberts,’ ‘The Odd Couple.’ It was an all-boys school, mind you. We tried to do shows that did not require women.”
On June 21, 1999, he told the L.A. Times, “I stayed at St. Pius until I was 17. It was only as a result of being completely immersed in that environment, in that culture, that I knew I didn’t want to become a priest. I moved to Southern California to study theater at USC. I didn’t have a name for it then, but I know now that what I decided was that maybe it was possible for me to be a spiritual warrior without having to wear a collar.”
Burton’s current project is a remake of “Roots,” for which he is serving as a producer. It will air in 2016 on A&E, Lifetime and History (formerly the History Channel).
By the numbers
While the training center doesn’t house inmates, some inmates do work at the facility.
According to Lt. Kevin McCoy, AA/Public Information Officer for the training center, “We are contracted with Mule Creek State Prison for level one inmates and up to 25 inmates with one transporting Officer. The inmates travel down five days a week and they work a full day.”
Also, during the peak of training, kitchen staff prepared “three hot fresh meals a day totaling roughly 1,900 meals per day,” he said.
The Sierra Auditorium can hold 1,230 people in 10,582 square feet of space.
In 2000, the total facility space was listed at 225,000 square feet creating a “campus-like setting,” according to CDCR records.
Academy Administrator Robert M. Calderon said many of today’s custody staff have gone through the academy.
“Although the Correctional Training Center has been utilized for several different purposes throughout its history, it has been the starting place for most correctional custody staff still employed by CDCR today,” he said. “The need to provide professional, well-trained and knowledgeable correctional officers to ensure public safety is ever growing. The CTC provides the facilities for our exceptional cadre to efficiently turn cadets into Correctional Officers.”
- 1959 Catholic school construction begins on donated land. Facility is meant to serve as an addition to St. Pius X Minor Seminary’s main campus in Humboldt County.
- 1961 St. Pius X Minor Seminary fully relocates to new larger facility in Galt. A dedication is held Sunday, April 23, 1961.
- 1972 Legislative report calls for creation of training academy for correctional officers. First academy offered at Modesto Junior College.
- 1977 St. Pius closes.
- 1983 State leases property, with option to buy, and names facility Richard A. McGee Correctional Training Center. First cadets arrive at new academy.
- 2001 State officially purchases property.
Learn more about the department’s current recruitment efforts, www.joincdcr.com.
Read all of the Unlocking History series, http://www.insidecdcr.ca.gov/category/unlocking-history/