Story and photos by Don Chaddock, Inside CDCR editor
Office of Public and Employee Communications

Native American tribes gathered Friday for the 51st annual celebration of cultural heritage and sovereignty.

The Shingle Springs Band of Miwok Indians performed a ceremonial prayer dance prior to more than 80 tribal flags being presented at the state Capitol for the 51st annual Native American Day. Meanwhile staff from CDCR were on hand to provide information about in-prison religious services and employment opportunities.

“Started in 1939 by then-Governor Culbert Olson, Indian Day evolved into The California Native American Day in 1968 thanks to Governor Ronald Reagan and California tribal leaders,” according to a press release issued by the Northern California Tribal Chairmen’s Association. “The day is considered a time-honored tradition in the California Native American community.”

Governor Edmund G. Brown Jr., issued a proclamation declaring Sept. 28, 2018, as Native American Day.

“The contact between these first Californians and successive waves of newcomers over the three succeeding centuries was marked by utter devastation of the native peoples, their families and entire way of life. … California today is home to the largest population of Native Americans in the fifty states, including both the rebounding numbers of our native tribes and others drawn to the Golden State by its myriad possibilities,” the proclamation states.

Dr. Vito Imbasciani, Secretary of the California Department of Veterans Affairs, thanked the Native American veterans for their service.

“Native Americans have served in our armed forces in greater proportion relative to their population. They always have,” Secretary Imbasciani said. “I applaud your steadfast dedication to military service.”

One CDCR booth was staffed by Ted “Bear” Jackson, a Native American Spiritual Leader for three institutions – Mule Creek State Prison, CSP-Sacramento and Folsom State Prison.

Jackson, a University of Reno-Nevada, graduate studied penology and went to work for a Nevada prison. Eventually he found himself in California and has been with CDCR since 2007.

“The guys have got to have a place to pray,” he said. After a lawsuit, sweat lodges were brought into the institutions. “(Native American inmates) don’t use the chapels (like) all our other religions use. … We have antlers, rocks, fire pits.”

Jackson said ceremonial customs and languages vary from tribe to tribe so there is no one-size-fits-all approach.

“There are different chants, prayers,” he said, “but it’s fulfilling. There’s good and bad with everything (but) the R at the end of CDCR is rehabilitation and that’s what we’re trying to do – rehabilitate them so they don’t come back.”

A hobby of Gene Albitre’s is working with rawhide materials to create traditional Native American items. His day job, though, is leading Native American ceremonies at North Kern State Prison.

Albitre was at the event for his hobby but was eager to talk about returning to work. He’s been out recovering from a medical condition.

He echoed the statements made by Jackson regarding the spiritual fulfillment of the work.

“I help (the work) helps some to not go back in the prisons,” Albitre said. “As a Native, we think differently and work differently.”

He said rehabilitation can’t use a standard template because cultural differences present barriers.

“We were born to think a certain way and they’re trying to assimilate us into a different society, to emulate them,” Albitre said.

He said spiritual and cultural difference are similar to differences in diet, noting there were few if any fruit trees in North America prior to the arrival of Europeans. Native people relied on the resources available depending on the region from nuts and berries to game animals.

“But when you think of a typical healthy diet, they tell you to eat fruits and vegetables. How many fruit trees do Eskimos have? There are fundamental differences,” he said.

Chuck Jachens, regional hydrologist with the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs, discussed planned burns as a way to reduce the risk of catastrophic wildfires.

“Native Americans have been using fire for centuries,” he said. “Low intensity fires benefit the environment. The ash created provides nutrients to the soil, which creates healthy plants and feed the wildlife, which in turn helps feed the predators, he said.

The four rights for a prescribed fire are “the right time; the right place; the right people; and the right choice,” he said.

He said it was an easy way to remember variables such as weather, surroundings, fuel breaks, topography, fuel types and teaching fire-safe practices to younger generations.

For CDCR’s Office of Workforce Planning, they had many stopping by the booth.

“We’ve had a great turnout,” said Vaine Bhatia, recruitment analyst. “We’ve had a lot of interest.”

Khoa Nguyen, another recruitment analyst, said people were interested in hiring events and workshops.

“They’ve been taking flyers for those,” he said.